Verb + preposition 2 to/ at
動詞プラス前置詞 (to/ at) 編
talk/ speak TO somebody (with is also possible but less usual)
Who was that man you were talking to?
We spent the evening listening to music.
apologize TO somebody (for…)
They apologized to me for what happened.
I got angry with Mark. Afterwards, I apologized to him.
explain something TO somebody
Can you explain this word to me?
explain /describe (TO somebody) what/ how/ why…
I explained to them why I was worried.
Let me describe to you what I saw.
We do not use to with these words:
phone/ call/ email/ text somebody
I called the airline to cancel my flight.
but write (a letter) to somebody
My friend texted me to let me know she was going to be late.
answer somebody/ something
He refused to answer my question.
but reply to an email/ a letter etc.
Can I ask you a question?
Amy won’t be able to help you. There’s no point in asking her.
thank somebody (for something)
look/ start/ glance AT…, have a look/ take a look AT…
Why are you looking at me like that?
I’m not sure where we are. I’ll have to look at the map.
I glanced at my watch to see what time it was.
I look stupid with this haircut. Everyone will laugh at me.
aim/ point/ (something) AT…, shoot / fire (a gun) AT…
Don’t point that knife at me. It’s dangerous.
We saw someone with a gun shooting at birds, but he didn’t hit any.
Some verbs can be followed by at or to, with a difference in meaning.
shout AT somebody (when you are angry)
He got very angry and started shouting at me.
shout TO somebody (so that they can hear you)
He shouted to me from the other side of the street.
throw something AT somebody/ something (in order to hit them)
Somebody threw an egg at the minister.
throw something TO somebody (for somebody to catch)
Lisa shouted ‘Catch!’ and threw the keys to me from the window.