英語 Theの使い方

投稿者: | 2016年11月26日

The 使い方

 

We use the when there is only one of something.

  • Have you ever crossed the equator?
  • Our apartment is on the tenth floor.
  • I’m going away at the end of this month.

というふうに特別にひとつのことさす場合にtheです。

 

theを使う名詞

the sun, the moon, the earth, the world, the universe

the sky, the sea, the ground, the environment, the internet

 

  • I love to look at the stars in the sky.
  • The internet has changed the way we live.
  • We need to do more to protect the environment.
  • The earth goes round the sun, and the moon goes round the earth.

We also use `Earth’ (without the) when we think of it as a planet in space (like Mars, Jupiter etc.)

  • Which planet is nearest Earth?

We say space (without the) when we mean `space in the universe’. Compare

宇宙と空間ですね。

  • There are millions of stars in space. (not in the space)
  • I tried to park my car, but the space was too small.

We use a/an to say what kind of thing something is. Compare the and a:

特定がtheで、全体のなかのひとつがaですね。

  • The sun is a star. (=one of many stars)
  • The hotel we stayed at was a very nice hotel.

a0001_017755

 

We say: the cinema, the theatre

  • I go to the cinema a lot, but I haven’t been to the theatre for ages.

When we say the cinema/ the theatre, we do not necessary mean a specific cinema or theatre.

 

We usually say the radio, television /TV (without the). Compare:

  • I listen to the radio a lot.  but  I watch television a lot.
  • We heard it on the radio. but  We watched it on TV.

radioはtheがいるのに、TVはいらない!

The television /the TV = the television set:

  • Can you turn off the television, please?

 

ごはんはtheいらない。

We do not normally use the with breakfast/lunch/dinner.

  • What did you have for breakfast?
  • We had lunch in a very nice restaurant.

But we use a/an if we say `a big lunch’,`a wonderful dinner’,`an early breakfast’ etc. :

  • We had a very nice lunch.

 

We do not use the before noun+number.

  • Our train leaves from Platform 5.
  • (in a shop) Do you have these shoes in size 43?

In the same way, Room 126, page29, question 3, Gate 10, etc.

theの使い方いろいろでした。

 

 
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