Adjectives and adverbs 1

投稿者: | 2017年1月25日
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Adjectives and adverbs 1

 

副詞と形容詞です。例です。

Our holiday was too short – the time very quickly.

Two people were seriously injured in the accident.

 

Quickly and seriously are adverbs.

Many adverbs are formed from an adjective + -ly:

 

adjective: quick, serious, careful, quiet, heavy

adverb: quickly, seriously, carefully, quietly, heavily

 

Not all words ending in –ly are adverbs.

Some adjectives end in –ly too, for example:

friendly, lively, elderly, lonely, silly, lovely

 

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Adjectives (quick / careful etc.) tell us about a noun (somebody or something).

We use adjectives before nouns:

形容詞は名詞の説明に使います。

 

 Sam is a careful driver. (not a carefully driver)

 We didn’t go out because of the heavy rain.

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Adverbs (quickly / carefully etc.) tell us about a verb

(how somebody does something or how something happens):

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副詞は動詞の説明に使います。

 

 Sam drove carefully along the narrow road. (not drove careful)

 We didn’t go out because it was raining heavily. (not raining heavy)

 

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We also use adjectives after some verbs, especially be, and also look/feel/sound etc.

 

 Please be quiet.

 Please speak quickly.

 

 I was disappointed that my exam results were so bad.

 I was unhappy that I did so badly in the exam. (not did so bad)

 

 Why do you always look so serious?

 Why do you never take me seriously?

 

 I feel happy.

 The children were playing happily.

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We also use adverbs before adjectives and other adverbs.

For example:

 

reasonably cheap (adverb + adjective)

terribly sorry (adverb + adjective)

incredibly quickly (adverb + adverb)

 

 It’s a reasonably cheap restaurant and the food is extremely good.

 I’m terribly sorry. I didn’t mean to push you. 

 Maria learns languages incredibly quickly.

 The exam was surprisingly easy.

 

You can also use adverb before a past participle (injured/ organized/ written etc. )

 Two people were seriously injured in the accident. (not serious injured)

 The meeting was badly organized.

 

副詞と形容詞についてでした。

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